Stress Eating and How to Overcome It
Eating for Comfort
A survey conducted by the American Psychological Association (APA) found that almost half of American adults report overeating in response to stress. A full 40% report that they have (or currently do) use food for comfort in stressful times. In those situations, the comfort food typically selected is not the healthiest: it’s the fatty fried foods, the high starch foods, the carbohydrate-loaded sweets. While occasional stress eating isn’t enough to throw a regular diet off the rails, 50% of stress eaters engage in this unhealthy behavior at least once per week.
Stress Can Be Overwhelming
What are we stressed about? As it turns out, everything! A 2017 survey conducted by the APA found that Americans worry about:
- Even our country’s future
These “significant stressors” are the things that keep us up at night, distract us while we’re working, and worry us to the point of no return. But, unfortunately, it is very difficult to escape them.
Why Do We Turn to Food in Times of Stress?
That’s not an easy question to answer. A recent article in TIME Health addressed the topic and revealed some surprisingly powerful motivators behind common stress eating.
Dr. Allison Knott, a registered dietician, says that the body’s natural levels of a hormone called cortisol are dramatically elevated when the mind is stressed. That hormone triggers our natural hunger response—even when our stomachs are full. If we’re not aware of this false mental signal, we’ll eat, assuming that we are actually hungry. Hormonal triggers are impossible to control and combating them requires tremendous willpower, forethought, and creative thinking.
Food can also be a mental distraction—allowing us to stop concentrating on the things that are stressing us out. People who eat for this reason are using food the same way others use alcohol, sex, and television, according to nutritional psychologist Amanda Baten. Food becomes an escape and eating allows us to “turn our brains off”, if only for a short time.
An Unhealthy High
Food can even give certain people very real chemical responses—similar to those one might experience while using drugs and/or alcohol. Baten notes that when we eat carbohydrates like sugar, our bodies actually release dopamine (the feel-good hormone) into our bloodstream. That hormone triggers the same neurological reaction in our brains as certain drugs (like heroin or cocaine).
5 Tips to Help You Stop Stress Eating
The best way to stop stress eating is to learn the signs and recognize the behavior. Only after you’ve realized what you’re doing can you mindfully change your habits. That can be an extremely hard thing to do, especially if you’ve been stress eating for a long time. But when you put your mind to it, you really can stop yourself from this detrimental behavior.
1. How to Know When You’re Actually Hungry
True hunger is almost always accompanied by actual physical symptoms. These include:
- Growling stomach
- Low energy levels
If you assume you’re hungry and begin eating without any of these common hunger symptoms, you’re likely not hungry at all.
2. Water is Your Friend
An easy way to tell if you’re confusing “stress hunger” with true hunger is to drink an entire glass of water when you feel the urge to eat. People have been scientifically shown to confuse the symptoms of thirst with hunger. Plus the water will actually help give you that full feeling you’re looking for without the empty calories.
3. Find a New Distraction
If you use food as a mindless distraction, it’s time to find a new hobby. Experts at Harvard University suggest exercise, calling a friend, meditation, or simply stepping outside for some fresh air as an alternative activity to eating.
4. Food for Food’s Sake
Learn to disassociate food with your leisure time activities like watching television. Can’t break the habit? Opt for healthier options instead. Low-calorie fruits, fresh veggies, and foods high in fiber (like The Hollywood Diet® meal replacement Cookies or Wafers) give you the ability to eat when you want without feeling guilty (or adding on extra pounds).
5. Mindful Eating isn’t a New Age Fad
A recent article in The Washington Post detailed the practice of mindful eating as a way to combat stress eating. Essentially this Zen-based practice is designed to help you:
- Get the most enjoyment possible from your food
- Learn to see food as fuel, not a source of comfort
- Be “present” every time you eat
- Experience your food fully
One of the basic tenants of Mindful Eating is to use all your senses to experience the food you’re eating. This inherently causes you to focus on your food and naturally eliminates distractions that may keep you from overeating.
But sometimes overeating isn’t about being stressed. Check out these 4 easy ways to overcome overeating or recover after an unhealthy binge.